ATLANTIC FOREST ENDEMICS 2008.
|Swallow-tailed Cotinga, Intervales State Park November 2008.|
Less than five per cent of the original Atlantic Forest coverage remains in eastern Brazil at present. Fortunately there are some superb reserves maintaining healthy populations in relatively small areas and NGO’s such as the REGUA project must be applauded for their supreme efforts. During the first two weeks of November 2008 we travelled to few of these sites where we were treated to some of the best birding South America has to offer. About one third of the three hundred and twenty or so species seen during this tour can only be found in the Atlantic Forests, and a sixth were endemic to Brazil!
|Three-toed Jacamar, Sumidouro November 2008.|
We began our tour at REGUA, walking the trails around the recently improved wetland and forests there with excursions to dry forest areas. Highlights are hard to pick out but Masked Duck, White-necked Hawks, Eastern Striped Manakin, Pin-tailed Manakin and Slaty Bristlefront were all thrilling. The evening walk for Giant Snipe and stalking that Shrike-like Cotinga were very memorable to say the least.
Itatiaia National Park never fails to deliver the good birds and the easy access to higher elevation tree line and elfin forest is an important feature of birding in the park. Black-capped Piprites, Itatiaia Thistletail, Araucaria Tit-Spinetail, Black & Gold Cotinga, Serra do Mar Tyrant-Manakin and Black-breasted Plovercrest were all seen at the Agulhas Negras Road (even if we did need two goes because of the weather!). Frilled Coquettes on the hotel feeders are worthy of mention too.
From Itatiaia we travelled down to Ubatuba calling in at Pereque for Black-hooded Antwrens on the way. Pereque is so good for this rare antwren and a lot else too that it may be worth more than just a few hours in the middle of the day. Ubatuba gave us the opportunity to soak up a few of those lowland species including the ultra-rare Buff-throated Purpletuft and we continued with our quest for the “big antshrikes” seeing Spot-backed hot on the heels of the Large-tailed we had at Itatiaia.
This year though it was Intervales that stole the show. It all started well when we saw Parana Antwren on the way to Intervales and then enjoyed one of the best mornings of the tour on the Carmo Road, even in drizzle. Hooded Berryeater, Cinnamon-vented Piha, Swallow-tailed Cotinga and Bare-throated Bellbird made it a “first day cotinga-fest” with a supporting cast of Spotted Bamboo-Wren, Tufted and White-bearded Antshrikes, Long-trained Nightjars and Atlantic Royal Flycatchers. What a place!
Itinerary (November 2008).
|Giant Snipe, REGUA November 2008|
1st: Arrival at Rio de Janeiro International Airport and transfer to REGUA.
2nd: Full day at REGUA near the wetland and higher above the reserve.
3rd: Day excursion to Sumidouro Road for the Three-toed Jacamars.
4th: Full day on the trails near the waterfall at REGUA (Shrike-like Cotinga).
5th: Morning on the 4x4 Trail at REGUA (Eastern Striped Manakin). Afternoon drive to Itatiaia where we stayed at the Hotel do Ype.
6th: Full day in Itatiaia National Park starting outside the hotel at the feeding stations. Later we walked to the Hotel Simon by trail where we were collected by our driver, Paulo. Afternoon road birding below the Hotel Simon.
7th: Agulhas Negras Road 1700 – 2000m (Black & Gold Cotinga, Large-tailed Antshrike, Black-capped Piprites).
8th: Agulhas Negras Road in the morning (Itatiaia Thistletails, Plovercrest) and afternoon in the lower park.
9th: Itatiaia – Pereque (Black-hooded Antwrens) – Ubatuba.
10th: Fazenda Angelim (Buff-throated Purpletufts). Afternoon at Folha Seca (Festive Coquette, Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail).
11th: Capricornio (Sharpbill, Rufous-tailed Attila, Red-necked Tanager) in the morning and afternoon at Folha Seca (Bare-throated Bellbird).
12th: Ubatuba – Intervales, calling in at Biritiba Mirim (near Moji das Cruces) for Parana Antwren.
13th: Intervales – Carmo Road am. (too much to mention here, see above!), pm. Lajeadu (White-bearded Antshrike).
14th: Intervales – Pesquisa am. (Atlantic Royal Flycatcher), pm. Bocaina (Giant Antshrike – the final “big one”). Long-trained Nightjars after dinner.
15th: Travel back to Sao Paulo and flights home.
The weather rarely let us down on this tour apart from at Agulhas Negras on 7th when the rain set in for the afternoon. A return visit the following day in sunny conditions showed us just what we’d missed! Heavy rain at Ubatuba was mostly overnight and as we left for Intervales. It didn’t stop us from watching the hummers at Johanne’s place that’s for sure. Generally the climate was pleasant even in the higher parts of Itatiaia and cold weather gear was not needed.
Local help is essential on these tours so big thanks to Adilei, Leonardo at REGUA and Luis at Intervales. Rick Simpson gave us plenty of helpful tips at Ubatuba and of course Fred and Paulo were there throughout from Itatiaia until the end of the tour. Special thanks to the group (for their patience, good humour and birding skills): Gary, Ron and Carol, Colin and Anne. Can’t wait to see you all again!
The Birds - All dates November 2008.
Solitary Tinamou Tinamus solitarius
This Atlantic Forest Endemic (also found in Argentina) was seen briefly on 14th at Intervales.
Brown Tinamou Crypturellus obseletus
Heard at the Agulhas Negras Road in Itatiaia NP and at Intervales.
Tataupa Tinamou Crypturellus tataupa
Heard from the Sumidouro Road and on two dates at Intervales.
Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus
A couple on the wetland at REGUA on 2nd were the only birds seen.
Pied-billed Grebe Podylimbus podiceps
A couple at REGUA on 2nd were the only birds seen.
Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magificans
Seen regularly near the coast at Ubatuba during our 3-day stay there.
Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus
Small numbers on two dates off the beaches at Ubatuba.
White-necked Heron Ardea cocoi
One at REGUA on 5th.
Great Egret Casmerodius alba
Small numbers seen on four dates, mainly from the bus between birding sites.
Snowy Egret Egreta thula
Small numbers seen on thee dates.
Striated Heron Butorides striatus
Several seen on the REGUA wetland on 2nd and a couple on a pond as we travelled from Itatiaia to Pereque on 7th.
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Many seen throughout the tour, mainly as we travelled between birding sites.
Capped Heron Pilherodius pileatus
A pair seen on two occasions at REGUA.
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Numerous at REGUA on the wetland there.
White-faced Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna viduata
Common at REGUA.
Masked Duck Oxyura dominica
Small numbers (max. 7) at REGUA on the wetland reserve (an excellent site for this scarce species).
Brazilian Teal Amazonetta braziliensis
Common at REGUA.
Black Vulture Coragyps atratus
Common; seen on 12 dates.
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura
Small numbers seen at REGUA and near Ubatuba. Otherwise scarce or absent (or unnoticed!) from other sites visited.
Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus
Small numbers seen near Ubatuba on 2 dates. Daily max. 3 birds.
Grey-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis
Singles on two dates at REGUA.
Rufous-thighed Kite Harpagus diodon
Two individuals at Intervales State Park on 14th.
Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris
Recorded on 6 dates at REGUA and near Ubatuba. Daily max 3 birds at REGUA.
Mantled Hawk Leucopternis polionota
We had great views of this Atlantic Forest Endemic at REGUA (2 on 2nd) and at Intervales State Park on 13th. The latter individual was seen perched.
White-necked Hawk Leucopternis lacernulata
A Brazilian Endemic restricted to the Atlantic Forests and seen well at REGUA with 4 birds seen on 2nd.
Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens
One at REGUA in the open country at the start of the 4x4 Trail on 5th.
Savanna Hawk Buteogallus meridionalis
Up to 3 birds seen on 2 dates near REGUA and Sumidouro.
Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle Spizastur melanoleucus
A single at REGUA on 2nd.
Black Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus tyrannus
Singles on 2 dates at Itatiaia National Park.
Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans
Heard at REGUA and seen well at Fazenda Angelim near Ubatuba on 10th.
Barred Forest-Falcon Micrastur ruficollis
Heard at Intervales State Park.
Yellow-headed Caracara Milvago chimachima
Quite common and seen on 9 dates.
Southern Caracara Caracara plancus
Seen on 9 dates, mainly in open country.
Aplomado Falcon Falco femoralis
One seen well near Moji das Cruces on 12th.
American Kestrel Falco sparverius
One seen on the last day as we travelled back from Intervales to Sao Paulo.
Dusky-legged Guan Penelope obscura
Common at Itatiaia National Park where many juveniles were seen.
Spot-winged Wood-Quail Odontophorus capueira
Heard at Intervales on 13th. This Atlantic Forest Endemic is very difficult to see.
Blackish Rail Rallus nigricans
Heard at REGUA and Intervales but would not respond to playback.
Grey-necked Wood-Rail Aramides cajanea
A pair on the road at Intervales on 13th were the only ones seen.
Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail Aramides saracura
This Atlantic Forest Endemic was seen at Folha Seca near Ubatuba and heard at Moji das Cruces and Intervales.
Ash-throated Crake Porzana albicollis
Heard on 2 dates at REGUA.
Rufous-sided Crake Laterallus melanophaius
Heard at REGUA and near Moji das Cruces.
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common at REGUA and at Moji das Cruces.
Purple Gallinule Porphyrula martinica
Seen on 2 dates at or near REGUA.
Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana
Common at REGUA and near Moji das Cruces.
Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis
Common in open country.
Giant Snipe Gallinago undulata
Up to 3 birds seen at dusk on 3rd at REGUA.
Picazuro Pigeon Patagioenas picazuro
Common; seen on 9 dates but seemingly absent in the Intervales area.
Pale-vented Pigeon Patagioenas cayennensis
A single at REGUA on 2nd was the only record.
Plumbeous Pigeon Patagioenas plumbea
Small numbers at Itatiaia National Park, Ubatuba and Intervales State Park.
Eared Dove Zenaida auriculata
Several present in Capao Bonito near Intervales as we left for Sao Paulo.
Ruddy Ground-Dove Columbina talpacoti
Common at REGUA and near Ubatuba.
White-tipped Dove Leptoptila verreauxi
Heard on two dates at REGUA.
Grey-fronted Dove Leptotila rufaxilla
Singles seen at REGUA and Folha Seca (Ubatuba). Also heard at Pereque.
Blue-winged Macaw Propyrrhura maracana
This Brazilian Endemic was heard in the distance on two dates just outside Itatiaia National Park. Unfortunately despite but scanning we couldn’t locate the birds.
White-eyed Parakeet Aratinga leucophthalmus
Common near Sumidouro and in Itatiaia National Park.
Maroon-bellied Parakeet Pyrrhura frontalis
This Atlantic Forest Endemic was seen at all sites.
Blue-winged Parrotlet Forpus xanthopterygius
A pair seen well at Sumidouro on 3rd and heard in Itatiaia National Park and at Pereque.
Plain Parakeet Brotogeris tirica
Another Brazilian Endemic restricted to the Atlantic Forests that we saw in small numbers at all sites.
Pileated Parrot Pionopsitta pileata
This Atlantic Forest Endemic was seen at Itatiaia National Park and Intervales State Park, but views were never brilliant.
Scaly-headed Parrot Pionus maximiliani
The most common and widespread parrot during our tour and recorded on 11 dates.
Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana
Small numbers seen on 4 dates with our best views of a perched individual at Sumidouro on 3rd.
Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani
Common and widespread in open country.
Guira Cuckoo Guira guira
Surprisingly seen on only 3 dates, mainly as we travelled by road through open country.
Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia
Heard on 3 dates near REGUA, Moji das Cruces and Intervales State Park.
Barn Owl Tyto alba
Two records, both on 3rd: One at roost on the Sumidouro Road and another at dusk as we walked out to the Giant Snipes at REGUA.
Tropical Screech-Owl Megascops choliba
Roosting birds seen at REGUA and at Intervales State Park.
Variable Screech-Owl Megascops atricapillus
One heard during daylight hours on 13th at Intervales predictably failed to respond to playback. These screech-owls rarely react to playback until darkness falls and tend to “stay put”.
Tawny-browed Owl Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana
Unfortunately the Itatiaia birds so territorial last September had stopped singing and the only one seen was a brief fly by as the leader came down to dinner at the Hotel do Ype on our first night there.
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium brasilianum
One seen well in the garden at REGUA on 2nd.
Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia
Small numbers near REGUA and during journeys between sites.
Striped Owl Pseudoscops clamator
A juvenile bird heard calling at REGUA on 3rd was undoubtedly discouraged from responding to playback by the unfavourable weather that night.
Common Potoo Nyctibius griseus
Heard at Intervales State Park on 14th.
Short-tailed Nighthawk Lurocalis semitorquatus
The birds near the Hotel do Ype at Itatiaia gave a good performance on a couple of occasions there and 2 seen at Intervales on 13th.
Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis
Seen on 3 dates at REGUA.
Scissor-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis brasiliana
A male seen on 3rd at REGUA as we made our way back from seeing the Giant Snipes in the evening.
Long-trained Nightjar Macropsalis creagra
This incredible Atlantic Forest Endemic was seen well at Intervales when 2 birds came out on the road in the evening of 14th.
White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris
Common and widespread; seen on 11 dates.
Grey-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris
Two at least at Fazenda Capricornio, Ubatuba on 11th.
Sick's Swift Chaetura meridionalis
Seen in small numbers on 6 dates at REGUA, Itatiaia and Ubatuba.
Saw-billed Hermit Ramphodon naevius
Another Brazilian Endemic restricted to the Atlantic Forests. We saw these at REGUA and near Ubatuba (mainly at the Folha Seca feeders).
Rufous-breasted Hermit Glaucis hirsute
Small numbers coming to the feeders at REGUA daily.
Scale-throated Hermit Phaethornis euryone
An Atlantic Forest Endemic readily seen at Itatiaia National Park and Intervales State Park.
Dusky-throated Hermit Phaethornis squalidus
We were able to observe this Brazilian Endemic at a lek in Intervales State Park on 14th. Restricted to the Atlantic Forests and a tricky one to see.
Reddish Hermit Phaethornis ruber
Singles seen at REGUA and Fazenda Angelim, Ubatuba.
Swallow-tailed Hummingbird Eupetomena macroura
Seen on several dates at REGUA, Itatiaia National Park and near Ubatuba.
Black Jacobin Melanotrochilus fuscus
A regularly encountered Atlantic Forest Endemic and seen at all sites.
Black-throated Mango Anthracothorax nigricollis
At least one male frequenting the feeders at Hotel do Ype in Itatiaia National Park (the first the leader had seen in the park despite many visits) and common at Folha Seca near Ubatuba.
Black-breasted Plovercrest Stephanoxis lalandi
At least 2 males at a lek and a lone female elsewhere on the Agulhas Negras Road in Itatiaia National Park on 8th. This road has to be one of the best sites to see this Atlantic Forest Endemic.
Frilled Coquette Lophornis magnifica
This Brazilian Endemic was seen on four dates near REGUA, in Itatiaia National Park and at Intervales.
Festive Coquette Lophornis chalybea
Several birds at the feeders at Folha Seca near Ubatuba on 2 dates.
Glittering-bellied Emerald Chlorostilbon aureoventris
Females seen at REGUA, just outside Itatiaia National Park and at Moji das Cruces.
Violet-capped Woodnymph Thalurania glaucopis
Another common Atlantic Forest Endemic seen on 9 dates.
White-chinned Sapphire Hylocharis cyanus
Small numbers at REGUA, Ubatuba and Intervales.
White-throated Hummingbird Leucochloris albicollis
An Atlantic Forest Endemic easily seen at Itatiaia and Intervales.
Versicolored Emerald Amazilia versicolor
Common in Itatiaia National Park and Intervales State Park.
Glittering-throated Emerald Amazilia fimbriata
Seen on all dates at REGUA and near Ubatuba.
Brazilian Ruby Clytolaema rubricauda
Regular at the feeders in Itatiaia National Park and small numbers seen near Ubatuba. Another Atlantic Forest Endemic.
White-tailed Trogon Trogon viridis
At least one pair at Intervales State Park on 13th.
Surucua Trogon Trogon surrucua
Common in Atlantic Forest and seen on 10 dates.
Ringed Kingfisher Megaceryle torquata
Singles on 3 dates near Ubatuba, Moji das Cruces and Intervales State Park.
Rufous-capped Motmot Baryphthengus ruficapillus
This Atlantic Forest Endemic can be tricky to see well, despite being heard readily. We recorded it at REGUA and near Ubatuba but only saw it really well at Intervales on 14th.
Three-toed Jacamar Jacamaralcyon tridactyla
This threatened Brazilian Endemic is restricted to dry Atlantic Forest patches and the Sumidouro road is one of the best sites to see it. We enjoyed prolonged (and close) views there on 3rd. At least 6 birds seen.
Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda
Singles at REGUA and at Pereque.
White-eared Puffbird Nystalus chacuru
We saw an individual near REGUA on 2nd, typically in open drier country.
Crescent-chested Puffbird Malacoptila striata
A Brazilian Endemic that’s quite easy to see in the Atlantic Forests of REGUA. We also saw it on the Sumidouro road where we had our best views of a perched bird in drier forest.
Rusty-breasted Nunlet Nonnula rubecula
One at Intervales State Park on 14th was a surprise find. Well done Colin H!
Spot-billed Toucanet Selendera maculirostris
This Atlantic Forest Endemic was heard at REGUA and a female was seen at Fazenda Angelim near Ubatuba on 10th.
Saffron Toucanet Baillonius bailloni
Another Atlantic Forest Endemic easily seen at Itatiaia National Park and Intervales State Park.
Red-breasted Toucan Rhamphastos dicolorus
Small numbers on 2 dates each at Itatiaia National Park and Intervales State Park.
Channel-billed Toucan Rhamphastos vitellinus
Heard at REGUA and Ubatuba on 4 dates although Ron and Carol saw one the day before the rest of the group arrived at REGUA.
White-barred Piculet Picumnus cirratus
Small numbers at REGUA, Itatiaia National Park and near Ubatuba.
Ochre-collared Piculet Picumnus temninkii
An Atlantic Forest Endemic (restricted to the south of Brazil and N. Argentina); we saw one at Intervales State Park on 14th.
Campo Flicker Colaptes campestris
Seen on 6 dates at REGUA, Moji das Cruces and at Intervales State Park.
Green-barred Woodpecker Colaptes melanochloros
One just outside the park at Itatiaia on 7th.
Yellow-throated Woodpecker Piculus flavigula
Two seen at REGUA on 5th.
Blond-crested Woodpecker Celeus flavescens
Singles at REGUA, Fazenda Angelim. Moji das Cruces and Intervales State Park.
Yellow-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes falvifrons
Small parties of this Atlantic Forest Endemic were seen at Itatiaia, near Ubatuba and Intervales State Park.
White Woodpecker Melanerpes candidus
A pair at REGUA on 2nd.
White-spotted Woodpecker Veniliornis spilogaster
This Atlantic Forest Endemic was located in Itatiaia National Park on two dates on the Agulhas Negras Road.
Yellow-eared Woodpecker Veniliornis maculifrons
A Brazilian Endemic restricted to the Atlantic Forests and seen well at Sumidouro and in Itatiaia National Park.
Robust Woodpecker Campephilus robustus
A large woodpecker seen briefly in rapidly deteriorating weather on the Agulhas Negras Road (Itatiaia) was almost certainly this species.
Thrush-like Woodcreeper Dendrocincla turdina
This Atlantic Forest Endemic was proving difficult to see despite hearing it quite frequently at REGUA and Itatiaia National Park. We saw one really well at Folha Seca near Ubatuba and then at Intervales.
Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus
Frequently encountered (10 dates) at all sites. This subspecies sylviellus of se. Brazil may deserve full species status.
White-throated Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes albicollis
One seen well at Intervales State Park on 14th.
Planalto Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes platyrostris
A single seen in Itatiaia National Park on 8th.
Lesser Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes fuscus
Small numbers seen at REGUA and Itatiaia National Park. A widespread Atlantic Forest bird.
Black-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus falcarius
Heard at Intervales but not responsive to playback which was a pity as this Atlantic Forest Endemic is a good one to see.
Rufous Hornero Furnarius rufus
Common and widespread (except at Ubatuba) with records from 9 dates.
Wing-banded Hornero Furnarius figulus
Common in the REGUA area; recorded on 3 dates.
Araucaria Tit-Spinetail Leptasthenura setaria
We finally got acceptable views of this species at the second time of asking on the Agulhas Negras Road in Itatiaia National Park on 8th. Our first attempt was aborted due to adverse weather.
Itatiaia Spinetail Oreophylax moreirae
This Brazilian Endemic was just a “Must See Bird” so we returned to the Agulhas Negras Road on 8th after dipping out due to bad weather the previous day. We had great views in perfect conditions and even managed ‘scope views.
Rufous-capped Spinetail Synallaxis ruficapilla
This Atlantic Forest bird was seen on four dates at REGUA, Itatiaia National Park and Intervales State Park.
Chicli Spinetail Synallaxis spixi
Recorded on 6 dates just outside the park at Itatiaia, near Ubatuba, Moji das Cruces and Intervales State Park.
Pallid Spinetail Canioleuca pallida
This Brazilian Endemic was only seen in Itatiaia National Park. Recorded on 3 dates and best seen right near the Hotel do Ype.
Yellow-chinned Spinetail Certhiaxis cinnamomea
Easily seen at REGUA and near Moji das Cruces in the wetland vegetation.
Plain Thornbird Phacellodomus rufifrons
Seen briefly at Fazenda Angelim, Ubatuba.
Red-eyed Thornbird Phacellodomus erythrophthalmus
We saw the two forms “Orange-eyed” (nominate) and Red-eyed” ferrugineigula during the tour. On 9th we saw “Orange-eyed” at Pereque but the birds at Moji das Cruces and Intervales were “Red-eyed” apparently I was under the impression that the two forms were separated geographically but Rick Simpson tells me that they are sympatric and segregated by habitat preferences according to Jeremy Mimms; “Red-eyed” occurring in damper habitats at the edges of wetlands. Sympatry of the two forms has already been proposed by Willis and Oniki (see Ridgely & Tudor Vol 2), citing differences in morphology, voice and nest structure in considering the two as separate species.
Firewood-gatherer Anumbius annumbi
Road works on our journey between Ubatuba and Moji das Cruces dictated a stop by some huge stick nests where we heard this species. As we clambered out of the vehicle the signals changed and we had to proceed! Unfortunately we couldn’t even stop nearby due to dangerous bends.
Pale-browed Treehunter Cichlocolaptes lecophrys
Although we recorded this Brazilian Endemic at every site we didn’t really get to grips with it until Intervales where we saw at least 5 birds during our stay there.
White-collared Foliage-Gleaner Anabazenops fuscus
Another Brazilian Endemic seen very well at Itatiaia National Park and Intervales State Park.
Buff-browed Foliage-Gleaner Syndactyla rufosuperciliata
Although this bids was quite vocal in Itatiaia National Park we never saw one, despite many efforts with playback.
White-browed Foliage-Gleaner Anabacerthia amaurotis
We finally located this Atlantic Forest Endemic at Intervales State Park where a small foraging party gave excellent views on 14th.
Ochre-breasted Foliage-Gleaner Philydor lichtensteini
Singles seen at REGUA and Itatiaia National Park.
Black-capped Foliage-Gleaner Philydor atricapillus
This Atlantic Forest speciality is surely one of the most striking foliage-gleaners? We saw individuals at Fazenda Angelim near Ubatuba and in Intervales State Park.
Buff-fronted Foliage-Gleaner Philydor rufus
Quite common (at least by voice) at most sites visited.
White-eyed Foliage-Gleaner Automolus leucophthalmus
Heard at REGUA and seen at Intervales State Park.
Sharp-billed Treehunter Heliobletus contaminatus
At least 2 seen on the Agulhas Negras Road in Itatiaia National Park on 7th.
Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans
Seen quite often in any forested areas with records from 7 dates at the start of the tour.
Plain Xenops Xenops minutus
The only sighting was at REGUA on 2nd.
Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper Lochmias nematura
Great views of 2 birds at Intervales State Park on 14th.
Spot-backed Antshrike Hypoedaleus guttatus
This handsome Atlantic Forest bird was seen well at Fazenda Angelim near Ubatuba, where 2 birds responded well to playback. Also heard at REGUA and Intervales State Park.
Giant Antshrike Batara cinerea
After a titanic battle we finally got one at Intervales State Park. We heard them a few times here and also on the Agulhas Negras Road in Itatiaia National Park but always in the distance.
Large-tailed Antshrike Mackenziaena leachii
One darted across the road at Agulhas Negras in Itatiaia National Park and then responded beautifully to playback. Also hear at Intervales State Park just outside our rooms. This Atlantic Forest Endemic can be very difficult to see.
Tufted Antshrike Mackenziaena severa
Typically a male appeared very close by following a period of silence after playback at Intervales State Park on 12th. Heard the following day there and also at REGUA too.
White-bearded Antshrike Biatas nigropectus
A retiring bird of large Atlantic Forest bamboo stands that we saw well in Intervales State Park on 12th.
Chestnut-backed Antshrike Thamnophilus palliatus
We saw about 5 at REGUA on 2nd and heard it at Pereque.
Sooretama Slaty-Antshrike Thamnophilus ambiguus
A Brazilian Endemic well seen at REGUA on 2nd.
Variable Antshrike Thamnophilus caerulescens
Seen on 3 dates in Itatiaia National Park and once in Intervales State Park.
Plain Antvireo Dysithamnus mentalis
At least 3 seen on our first morning in Itatiaia National Park.
Spot-breasted Antvireo Dysithamnus stictothorax
Seen on three dates during the tour at Itatiaia and REGUA.
Rufous-backed Antvireo Dysithamnus xanthopterus
The Agulhas Negras Road in Itatiaia National Park is a good place to see this Brazilian Endemic. We saw a male there on 7th and heard them there the next day too.
Parana Antwren Stymphalornis acutirostris
We saw a female near Moji das Cruces on 11th. The identification of these birds may still be in question (it’s thought by some to be a “new” species, closely related to acutirostris), but it seems likely that this population represents a northern range extension of the Parana Antwren.
White-flanked Antwren Myrmotherula axillaris
Pairs seen on 3 dates at REGUA.
Star-throated Antwren Myrmotherula gularis
A very handsome Brazilian Endemic seen at REGUA, Itatiaia National Park and Intervales State Park.
Salvadori's Antwren Myrmotherula minor
Fantastic views of this Brazilian Endemic as a male circled us through the trees at head height at REGUA on 4th.
Rufous-winged Antwren Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus
This handsome antwren was heard at REGUA but seen well at Pereque and in the Ubatuba area.
Black-hooded Antwren Formicivora erythronotos
This ornate but threatened Brazilian Endemic was seen very well at Pereque in the secondary forest there.
Ferruginous Antbird Drymophila ferruginea
This Brazilian Endemic was seen on several dates in Itatiaia National Park, near Ubatuba and Intervales State Park.
Bertoni's Antbird Drymophila rubricollis
A couple of birds seen at Intervales State Park on 14th.
Rufous-tailed Antbird Drymophila genei
We had great views of at least 3 on both trips to the Agulhas Negras Road on 7th and 8th. A Brazilian Endemic of higher elevations and fond of bamboo.
Ochre-rumped Antbird Drymophila ochropyga
Another Brazilian Endemic seen well in Itatiaia National Park and heard at Intervales State Park.
Dusky-tailed Antbird Drymophila malura
Another Atlantic Forest Endemic antbird best seen at Intervales State Park. We saw a couple in the forest edge habitat there on 13th and 14th.
Scaled Antbird Drymophila squamata
Yet another Drymophila endemic to the Atlantic Forests of Brazil; we saw them well at REGUA, Pereque and near Ubatuba.
Streak-capped Antwren Terenura maculata
An Atlantic Forest Endemic recorded on 7 dates at all sites.
White-shouldered Fire-eye Pyroglena leucoptera
A male seen at Itatiaia National Park and heard at Intervales State Park too.
Squamate Antbird Myrmeciza squamosa
This Brazilian Endemic gave us a real headache! We heard a couple at Pereque but failed to see one despite a lot of effort. After failing to locate any at Ubatuba (where we normally see them) we had good views of at least 2 males in Intervales State Park.
White-bibbed Antbird Myrmeciza loricata
Fantastic views of this Brazilian Endemic at Itatiaia National Park near the Hotel Simon on 6th. Well found Anne!
Such's Antthrush Chamaeza meruloides
Heard only at Itatiaia and Intervales and always distantly.
Short-tailed Antthrush Chamaeza campanisoma
One seen at REGUA on 4th.
Brazilian Antthrush Chamaeza ruficauda
We heard this Brazilian Endemic a couple of times at the Agulhas Negras Road in Itatiaia, but not in good spots to see this forest floor dweller.
Rufous-capped Antthrush Formicarius colma
Recorded on 5 dates and seen well at Fazenda Angelim, Folha Seca and in Intervales State Park.
Variegated Antpitta Grallaria varia
Heard at REGUA and Intervales State Park but we never got close to one unfortunately.
Speckle-breasted Antpitta Hylopezus nattereri
Heard on the Agulhas Negras Road in Itatiaia but just would not appear.
Black-cheeked Gnateater Conopophaga melanops
Great views of at least 2 birds at REGUA. A stunning Brazilian Endemic.
Rufous Gnateater Conopophaga lineata
Only heard at Itatiaia National Park (normally a reliable site to see these), but we had great views of one at Fazenda Angelim near Ubatuba on 10th. Also heard at Intervales State Park.
Spotted Bamboo-Wren Psilorhamphus guttatus
We had absolutely amazing views of this Atlantic Forest skulker at Intervales State Park on 13th. Also heard at Pereque and near Moji das Cruces.
Slaty Bristlefront Merulaxis ater
We saw this Brazilian Endemic well at REGUA on 4th and heard it near Ubatuba.
Mouse-coloured Tapaculo Scytalopus speluncae
Seen in Itatiaia National Park near the Araucaria stands on the Agulhas Negras Road, but only briefly. At Intervales a singing bird was ‘SCOPED (!) and photographed on 13th. Not the most exciting Atlantic Forest Endemics but ‘scoping a tapaculo can’t be bad!
Shrike-like Cotinga Laniisoma elegans
A male seen at REGUA on 4th was undoubtedly one of the birds of the tour, even if it did give us a bit of a run around!
Swallow-tailed Cotinga Phibalura flavirostris
At least two pairs (plus an unfortunate chick) seen at Intervales State Park.
Black-and-Gold Cotinga Tijuca atra
At least 2 males seen on the Agulhas Negras Road in Itatiaia National Park on 7th and 8th.
Buff-throated Purpletuft Iodopleura pipra
We saw 1 or 2 near Fazenda Angelim on 10th and another at Fazenda Capricornio the next day. A very rare Brazilian Endemic known from very few Atlantic Forest sites.
Hooded Berryeater Carpornis cucullatus
Great views of this Brazilian Endemic at Intervales State Park on 13th when we saw 2 birds. We heard them there the following day too.
Cinnamon-vented Piha Lipaugus lanioides
Another Brazilian Endemic seen well at Intervales on 13th and heard the next day.
Bare-throated Bellbird Procnias nudicollis
We heard this Atlantic Forest bird at REGUA but there was no sign of them at Itatiaia this month strangely. The first to be seen was a female at Folha Seca on 11th but Intervales was the best site where we had repeated views of males over a 2 day period.
Sharpbill Oxyruncus cristatus
One seen at Capricornio near Ubatuba was all too brief and a little distant, but seen well at Intervales State Park on 13th and heard there the next day.
Swallow-tailed Manakin Chiroxiphia caudata
Common; seen on 10 dates.
Pin-tailed Manakin Ilicura militaris
This superb Brazilian Endemic was seen at REGUA and Intervales State Park.
White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus
Recorded on 5 dates at REGUA, Pereque and Ubatuba.
Eastern Striped Manakin Machaeropterus regulus
A male at REGUA appeared for all to see but took a lot of effort!
Serra do Mar Tyrant-Manakin Neopelma chrysolophum
Seen well at the Agulhas Negras Road in Itatiaia National Park on 8th. A Brazilian Endemic but maybe not the most stunning one!
Black-capped Piprites Piprites pileatus
We had great looks at a pair on 7th at one of the best places to see this Atlantic Forest Endemic: Agulhas Negras Road in Itatiaia National Park.
Wing-barred Piprites Piprites chloris
One seen at Intervales State Park on 13th.
Greenish Schiffornis Schiffornis virescens
We saw this rather drab Atlantic Forest Endemic on a couple of occasions at Itatiaia National Park (8th) and in Intervales (13th).
Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus
Seen daily in small numbers in Itatiaia.
Streamer-tailed Tyrant Gubernetes yetapa
This superb bird was seen near the Sumidouro Road on 3rd.
Blue-billed Black-Tyrant Knipolegus cyanirostris
Seen on both our trips to the Agulhas Negras Road on 7th and 8th but only small numbers and all females.
Shear-tailed Grey Tyrant Muscipipra vetula
This Atlantic Forest Endemic was seen on the Agulhas Negras Road on 7th and 13th and 14th in Intervales State Park.
Masked Water-Tyrant Fluvicola nengeta
Common at REGUA and in the Ubatuba area.
White-headed Marsh-Tyrant Arundinicola leucocephala
Common at REGUA and near Moji das Cruces.
Yellow-browed Tyrant Satrapa icterophrys
Seen at REGUA on 5th and near Moji das Cruces on 12th.
Cattle Tyrant Machetornis rixosus
Small numbers at REGUA and near Intervales State Park.
Sirystes Sirystes sibilator
Small numbers on 3 dates at Itatiaia and Intervales.
Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana
Small numbers in open country near REGUA and Ubatuba.
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus
Common; seen on 12 dates.
Variegated Flycatcher Empidonomus varius
Seen at REGUA only on 3rd and 4th.
Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius
Recorded at all forested sites visited (7 dates).
Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarhynchus pitangua
Recorded on 8 dates at all sites.
Rusty-margined Flycatcher Myiozetetes cayenensis
At least 4 at REGUA on 2nd.
Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculates
Widespread in small numbers and seen at all sites.
Social Flycatcher Myiodynates similis
Seen on 6 dates at REGUA and Ubatuba.
Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus
Grey-hooded Attila Attila rufus
We recorded this endemic on 6 dates but had our best views at Intervales State Park on 13th.
Rufous-tailed Attila Attila phoenicurus
Our first was a singing birds at Capricornio near Ubatuba on 11th. Apparently they are rare here (pers. comm. R. Simpson) but they were readily encountered at Intervales State Park on 13th and 14th.
Short-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus ferox
Small numbers on 3 dates at REGUA.
Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus
We saw 2 at REGUA on 3rd.
Swainson's Flycatcher Myiarchus swainsoni
Seen on 2 dates at REGUA and on 2 dates in Intervales State Park.
Euler's Flycatcher Lathrotriccus euleri
Recorded on 7 dates at Itatiaia (where it was most common), Ubatuba and Intervales.
Fuscous Flycatcher Cnemotriccus fuscatus
Only recorded at Capricornio near Ubatuba on 11th.
Bran-coloured Flycatcher Myiophobus fasciatus
Single birds at REGUA, near Itatiaia and Ubatuba.
Cliff Flycatcher Hirundinea ferruginea
Small numbers on 8 dates.
White-throated Spadebill Platyrinchus mystaceus
Recorded at Itatiaia and Intervales but the only place we saw one was at REGUA on 4th.
Atlantic Royal Flycatcher Onychorhynchus swainsoni
We had great views of this incredible Brazilian Endemic in a deep ravine in Intervales State Park on 14th.
Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens
Quite common (except at Ubatuba); recorded on 8 dates.
Yellow-breasted Flycatcher Tolmomyias flaviventris
One at REGUA on 5th.
Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum plumbeiceps
Seen well on the Agulhas Negras Road on 8th where we’d heard it the previous day.
Common Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum
A couple of pairs seen at REGUA on the first day were the only ones recorded.
Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum poliocephalum
This attractive Brazilian Endemic was seen well on 3 dates at REGUA and various sites near Ubatuba. Also heard at Moji das Cruces.
Eye-ringed Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus orbitatus
This Brazilian Endemic was recorded on 4 dates and seen best at REGUA.
Hangnest Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus nidipendulus
Another Brazilian Endemic seen at Intervales on 14th.
Fork-tailed Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus furcatus
Seen well near the hotels in Itatiaia National Park on 6th.
Brown-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant Hemitriccus obsoletus
Another Brazilian Endemic best seen on the Agulhas Negras Road in Itatiaia National Park. We saw it there on 7th.
Large-headed Flatbill Ramphotrigon megacephala
Great views of this flycatcher near the Hotel do Ype in Itatiaia National Park on 6th.
Bay-ringed Tyrannulet Phylloscartes sylviolus
A couple seen in the misty conditions on the morning of 13th on the Carmo Road, Intervales State Park.
Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet Phylloscartes ventralis
A pair on the Agulhas Negras Road in Itatiaia on 8th.
Serra do Mar Tyrannulet Phylloscartes difficilis
This endemic has proved difficult this year (for me at least!) and we only glimpsed one on the Agulhas Negras Road with Planalto Tyrannulets on 7th. We heard it there again the next day but still didn’t see it.
White-crested Tyrannulet Serpophaga subcristata
At least 2 seen well near the stand of Araucaria trees on the Agulhas Negras Road (Itatiaia) on 8th.
Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster
Small numbers on 4 dates/
Olivaceous Elaenia Elaenia mesoleuca
Seen well on the Agulhas Negras Road in Itatiaia and heard at Intervales State Park.
Highland Elaenia Elaenia obscura
Good views of a pair at Intervales State Park on 14th.
Greenish Elaenia Myiopagis viridicata
Heard at Intervales.
Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum
Recorded on 5 dates and most common in or near Itatiaia National Park.
Planalto Tyrannulet Phyllomyias fasciatus
Recorded on 5 dates and common in Itatiaia National Park.
Greenish Tyrannulet Phllomyias virescens
Seen on the Agulhas Negras Road on 2 dates.
Grey-capped Tyrannulet Phyllomyias griseocapilla
One seen briefly by the leader by the Hotel Simon, disappeared quickly and then began calling but remained out of sight. What a shame we missed this Brazilian Endemic.
Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus
Small numbers on 5 dates.
Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Mionectes oleaginous
Seen on 4 dates at REGUA.
Grey-hooded Flycatcher Mionectes rufiventris
Another Atlantic Forest Endemic seen at REGUA and heard at Intervales State Park.
Southern Antpipit Corythopis delalandi
Seen well at REGUA.
Eared Pygmy-Tyrant Myiornis auricularis
This tiny Atlantic Forest Endemic was recorded on 6 dates and seen well.
Green-backed Becard Pachyramphus viridis
A nice male showed really well above the REGUA reserve.
Chestnut-crowned Becard Pachyramphus castaneus
Seen on 4 dates and most numerous at Itatiaia National Park.
White-winged Becard Pachyramphus polychopterus
Widespread and seen on 6 dates.
Black-capped Becard Pachyramphus marginatus
Two sightings at REGUA.
Crested Becard Pachyramphus validus
Small numbers on 7 dates.
Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor
Singles on 3 dates at Ubatuba and Intervales State Park.
White-rumped Swallow Tachycineta leucorrhoa
Small numbers at REGUA, Moji das Cruces and Intervales.
Brown-chested Martin Phaeoprogne tapera
One at REGUA on our first day was the only record.
Grey-breasted Martin Progne tapera
One at Ubatuba on 10th.
Blue & White Swallow Notiochelidon cyanoleuca
Seen on 7 dates.
White-thighed Swallow Notiochelidon tibialis
A pair in the higher ground above REGUA on 2nd were the only ones seen.
Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis
Common and widespread; seen on 12 dates.
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
One at the start of the Sumidouro Road on 3rd.
Moustached Wren Thryothorus genibarbis
A pair seen well at REGUA on 2nd.
House Wren Troglodytes aedon
Recorded on 10 dates.
Black-capped Donacobius Donacobius atricapillus
Small numbers on 2 dates in the REGUA wetlands.
Chalk-browed Mockingbird Mimus saturninus
Seen on 8 dates.
Yellow-legged Thrush Platycichla flavipes
This Atlantic Forest thrush was seen on 4 dates at Itatiaia and Intervales.
Rufous-bellied Thrush Turdus rufiventris
Brazil’s national bird was seen on 10 dates.
Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas
Seen on just 2 dates at REGUA and Itatiaia National Park.
Creamy-bellied Thrush Turdus amaurochalinus
Seen on 5 dates at all sites.
White-necked Thrush Turdus albicollis
Seen at REGUA on 5th and heard at Intervales National Park.
Long-billed Gnatwren Ramphocaenus melanurus
We had good views of one at Fazenda Angelim near Ubatuba.
Yellowish Pipit Anthus lutescens
One at REGUA on 5th.
Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis
Recorded on 5 dates at the Sumidouro Road, Itatiaia and Intervales.
Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus
Recorded on 9 dates.
Rufous-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus poicilotis
This Atlantic Forest Endemic was seen on both days we birded the Agulhas Negras Road in Itatiaia and heard on 2 dates at Intervales.
Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis
Seen on 7 dates.
Crested Oropendola Psarocolius decumanus
Small numbers at Pereque (10th) and Ubatuba (11th).
Red-rumped Cacique Cacicus haemorrhous
Common; seen on 9 dates.
Golden-winged Cacique Cacicus chrysopterus
Seen on 2 dates in Itatiaia National Park on the Agulhas Negras Road.
Chestnut-capped Blackbird Agelaius ruficapillus
Common at the REGUA wetlands and near Moji das Cruces.
White-browed Blackbird Leistes superciliaris
Small numbers near REGUA on 5th.
Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi
Recorded on 6 dates and most numerous at Itatiaia National Park.
Masked Yellowthroat Geothlypis aequinoctialis
Heard at Fazenda Angelim near Ubatuba and seen well at Moji das Cruces.
Golden-crowned Warbler Basileuterus culicivorus
Common at Itatiaia and Intervales.
White-rimmed Warbler Basileuterus leucoblepharus
This Atlantic Forest Endemic was seen at Itatiaia National Park (on the Agulhas Negras Road) and at Intervales State Park.
Neotropical River Warbler Phaeothlypis rivularis
Seen at Pereque and Ubatuba.
Bananaquit Coereba flaveola
Recorded on 9 dates; most frequently at Itatiaia and Ubatuba.
Chestnut-vented Conebill Conirostrum speciosum
Recorded on 4 dates; common at REGUA.
Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza
A couple of records from Ubatuba.
Red-legged Honeycreeper Cyanerpes cyaneus
A pair at REGUA on 4th.
Black-legged Dacnis Dacnis nigripes
We saw a pair of these rare Brazilian Endemics at Intervales on 13th. The female is quite distinct from the female Blue Dacnis D. cyana and easier to separate than the male.
Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana
Common and widespread; seen on 12 dates.
Swallow Tanager Tersina viridis
Seen on 4 dates at Itatiaia and near Ubatuba.
Purple-throated Euphonia Euphonia chlorotica
Heard only at Ubatuba.
Violaceous Euphonia Euphonia violacea
Quite common at REGUA and also seen near Ubatuba.
Chestnut-bellied Euphonia Euphonia pectoralis
An Atlantic Forest Endemic and quite easy to see at Itatiaia (even on feeders) and Ubatuba.
Fawn-breasted Tanager Pipraeidea melanonota
Seen both days we travelled up to the Agulhas Negras Road in Itatiaia. Daily max. 3 on 7th.
Green-headed Tanager Tangara seledon
Quite common in the Atlantic Forests with records from 9 dates on our tour.
Burnished-buff Tanager Tangara cayana
Seen twice at REGUA and Itatiaia; both records involving pairs.
Chestnut-backed Tanager Tangara preciosa
One heard at Intervales on 14th.
Red-necked Tanager Tangara cyanocephala
Surely one of the best Atlantic Forest tanagers and seen well at Capricornio and Folha Seca near Ubatuba on 11th.
Gilt-edged Tanager Tangara cyanoventris
A single bird at the Sumidouro Road was a bit of a surprise. We saw a couple of birds on 7th and 8th in Itatiaia National Park too.
Brassy-breasted Tanager Tangara desmaresti
This Brazilian Endemic was quite common in Itatiaia National Park on 7th and 8th.
Diademed Tanager Stephanophorus diadematus
We saw lots of these alongside the above species on the Agulhas Negras Road.
Azure-shouldered Tanager Thraupis cyanoptera
Another Brazilian Endemic easily seen in Intervales State Park.
Golden-chevroned Tanager Thraupis ornata
A common tanager (but an endemic nevertheless) of Itatiaia, Ubatuba and Intervales.
Sayaca Tanager Thraupis sayaca
Common and seen on 12 dates.
Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum
Widespread and seen on 9 dates.
Brazilian Tanager Ramphocelus bresilius
We were blinded by the males at REGUA, Itatiaia and Ubatuba. The females are not so impressive but yet another Brazilian Endemic for the tour.
Olive-green Tanager Orthogenys chloricterus
A Brazilian Endemic with a “subtle” beauty shall we say. We saw them well at Intervales on 12th.
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager Habia rubica
Recorded on 4 dates at REGUA, Ubatuba and Intervales.
Ruby-crowned Tanager Tachyphonus coronatus
Seen on 10 dates.
Flame-crested Tanager Tachyphonus cristatus
Seen at REGUA and Ubatuba on 4 dates.
Black-goggled Tanager Trichothraupis melanops
Singles at REGUA on 2 dates but more seen at Intervales on 13th.
Yellow-backed Tanager Hemithraupis flavicollis
Small numbers at REGUA on 3 dates.
Rufous-headed Tanager Hemithraupis ruficapilla
We saw this Brazilian Endemic on 4 dates at Itatiaia and Ubatuba.
Brown Tanager Orchesticus abeillei
This Brazilian Endemic disguises itself very well as a foliage-gleaner but it didn’t fool us on 13th at Intervales when at least 4 were seen and heard singing.
Magpie Tanager Cissopis leveriana
Seen on 5 dates at most sites.
Cinnamon Tanager Schistochlamys ruficapillus
A male at Moji das Cruces was a bonus as this is a Brazilian Endemic.
Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus
One at REGUA on 4th was our only record.
Green-winged Saltator Saltator similes
Seen on 5 dates in Itatiaia and Intervales.
Thick-billed Saltator Saltator maxillosus
At least 3 seen in the usual spot on the Agulhas Negras Road on 7th in Itatiaia.
Black-throated Grosbeak Saltator fuliginosus
A male came into view after playback at Intervales on 13th.
Yellow-green Grosbeak Caryothraustes canadensis
Several in a small group at REGUA on 4th and heard at Ubatuba.
Ultramarine Grosbeak Cyanocompsa brissonii
A male just outside Itatiaia National Park on 7th.
Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina
Only seen on 4 dates at REGUA, near Itatiaia and Moji das Cruces.
Temminck's Seedeater Sporophila falcirostris
Heard on 2 dates at Itatiaia but not responsive to playback and did not appear.
Double-collared Seedeater Sporophila caerulescens
The most frequently encountered seedeater species during the tour; recorded on 8 dates.
White-bellied Seedeater Sporophila leucoptera
A male at the REGUA wetland on 2nd was the only one seen on the tour.
Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola
Seen on 6 dates.
Uniform Finch Haplospiza unicolor
Not as common as in my last visit to the area in October when they were breeding near the seeding bamboo. We saw a couple of birds on 2 dates at REGUA and in Itatiaia.
Grassland Sparrow Ammodramus humeralis
A bird seen well on the Sumidouro Road.
Half-collared Sparrow Arremon semitorquatus
A stunning male seen at Pereque on 9th.
Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis
Seen on 10 dates.
Bay-chested Warbling-Finch Poospiza thoracica
Both the warbling-finches we saw on the Agulhas Negras Road are Atlantic Forest Endemics. This one is only found in Brazil and was seen well on 7th and 8th in Itatiaia National Park.
Red-rumped Warbling-Finch Poospiza lateralis
Great views of this with the above species in Itatiaia.
Hooded Siskin Carduelis magellanica
A cracking male in full song atop an Araucaria tree in Itatiaia on 8th.
House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Yep! OK, we saw them on 5 dates.
Common Waxbill Estrilda astrild
At least 3 on 12th at Moji das Cruces.